Transylvania is the historical region in the center of Romania and comprises 10 counties: Alba, Bistrita-Nasaud, Brasov, Cluj, Covasna, Harghita, Hunedoara, Mures, Salaj and Sibiu.
The notion of Transylvania has two distinct meanings. The first refers in a restrictive sense only to the inter-Carpathian region, and the second meaning of the name refers, by extension, to Maramures, Crisana and Satmar.
The first notion of the word Transilvania is derived from the medieval Latin script, certified for 1075 and is composed of the terms “trans” = over, beyond and silva = forest, meaning (the territory) beyond the forest.
On the territory of Transylvania was the ancient political center of the Dacia kingdom, Sarmizegetusa Regia.
Transylvania hosts some of Europe’s most preserved medieval cities, especially Brasov, with its ancient architecture and the ruins of the Saxon fortress, Sibiu with its cobbled streets and pastel-colored houses and Sighisoara, adorned with a fortress on the top of the hill with secret passages and a clock tower from the 14th century.
Visitors to Transylvania will also meet stunning castles such as Bran, near Brasov, a gothic storytelling structure often impregnated with Vlad Tepes, the Walachian prince of the sixteenth century, inspired by Dracula Lui Bram Stoker. While connection with Vlad is thin, the deep connection of the villagers with the legend is not.
The 5th-century Corvinus Castle, the most beautiful in Transylvania, located near Hunedoara, has a sumptuous knights room that can be used for functions or parties, as well as towers and stonework that remind of the medieval times.
Transylvania has a multiethnic heritage (including German and Hungarian) in folk costumes, architecture, cuisine, music and festivals.
The centuries-old traditional traditions live in the small villages of Transylvania. The people here still live in such occupations as pastors, carpenters, blacksmiths and carpenters.
The Apuseni Mountains in the Western Carpathians are a beautiful scenery and beautiful mystery. Here you will find old legends about mountain spirits and rare species of wild animals. Scarisoara Ghetto, a national monument, shelters the second underground glacier on the continent.