This western city of the Transylvanian region originates in the Dacian settlement of Napuca in the 2nd century AD. After taking over Dacia by the Romans, it was renamed Napoca, and in 124 AD. has received the rank of “municipium”. The city has rapidly advanced socially and economically, and during the reign of Marcus Aurelius Napoca it received the title of “colony”, the highest possible urban level in the Roman Empire.
The name Cluj comes from Castrum Clus, first used in the 12th century, as well as the fortress around the city. Clus means “closed” in Latin and refers to the hills surrounding the city.
The German merchants who arrived here in the 12th century rebuilt the medieval stone walls of Clus in stone after the Tatars invasion of 1241. Known as Klausenburg for the Germans and Kolosvar for the Hungarians, Cluj became Cluj Napoca in the 1970s regime Communist added the name of the ancient Roman settlement to emphasize its Daco-Roman origin.
With one of the most vibrant economies in the country and a population of about 330,000, Cluj is today a vibrant cultural and educational city. The six states and several private universities located here also make Cluj Napoca the city with the highest percentage of the Romanian student population.
The main square, brightened by 18th-century and 19th-century buildings and hosting many shops and restaurants, is dominated by St. Michael’s Church in the 15th century, one of the most beautiful examples of Gothic architecture in Romania. The square also supports Banffy Palace from the 18th century, hosting the Romanian art guns and collections of the Art Museum. Visitors who want to know more about the region should visit the open-air section of the Transylvanian Ethnographic Museum, a true showcase of folk architecture. For entertainment, spend a nice evening at the Opera or attend a classical music concert offered by the Cluj Philharmonic.
The seven fortresses with walls of the Saxons in Transylvania were known in German as Siebenbürgen